Neuroimaging of Language

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The brain and its activations

The complexity of the linguistic mechanisms are little known despite neurological research of these last years. Their architecture and interaction even seem to depend on more fundamental cognitive processes (Jacoby et al, 1989; Tiberghien, 1984), which would be automatic, non-conscious and independent, whether semantic or procedural. Other processes seem to be under intentional control , conscious and context-dependent, determining storage and reactivation of our episodic “memories”  themselves. Many behavioral research and neuroimaging studies, performed on whole subjects as well as on patients with brain damage, confirm the plausibility of this general theoretical conception of human memory.

Cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology are interested in the relationship between cognitive performance and brain cognition in a broader sense of functions such as language, memory, calculation and complex skills and mechanisms to control emotions and behavior. The main scientific goal is to explore the process of number processing and calculation, decision making in neurological diseases, and the bases of language processing.

Cerebral linguistic mechanisms can be preserved through the integration and opening to the outside world. Plasticity mechanisms strengthen the connections between synapses and neurons. Recent discoveries show that new neurons can form themselves in an adult’s brain of an adult in existing networks and forming new connections (one can speak of neurogenesis).

The advances of mind exploration through tomography and positron emission (TEP), attest that there are common brain centers between music and language.

Neuro-assimilation of linguistic “sound”  is done by metaphorical-analog channels by the ideal medium: music. The musical phonetic repetition is used to reconstruct the architecture of a foreign language in an accurately and fairly manner, maximizing its recording in implicit memory.

The architecture of the psycho-semantic literary music promotes a comprehensive, integral and structured learning. This musical and multi-linguistic process is conveyed by the sensory pathways of emotional figurative subcortical system (limbic system, amygdala, hippocampus) and refined by means of the right cortex, where the right hemisphere plays a substantial role.

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